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Sicily / Syracuse



syracuseIn the first century before our era, Cicero qualified Syracuse as the most beautiful Greek cities. Today, it is the fourth largest city in Sicily, where live about 124.000 inhabitants (2009).

Its historical heart is surrounded by the sea on the island Ortigia. With the close necropoles, Syracuse is registered to the world heritage of UNESCO.
Many monuments kept the traces of its long story, like the Greek and Roman ancient vestiges, with for example the fountain Aretusa, the temples, the Hellenic theatre and amphitheatre, like its catacombs and its churches paleo christians of Santa Lucia and San Giovanni from the IIth and and the IIIth centuries, like the island Ortigia which knew the baroque Renaissance visible in many palates, churches and its attractive cathedral which was a Greek temple




ortygia in syracuse



syracuse cathedral


syracuse port



ancient syracuse

Ancient Syracuse




Colonized at the VIIIth century b-JC by Greeks of Corinth which are established on the island of Ortigia, Syracuse falls quickly under the power of tyrants.

It was opposed a long time to Athens and Carthage. With its apogee under the tyrant Denys the Old (V - VI b-JC), it counted approximately 300 000 inhabitants and dominated Sicily.
Its cultural influence was major, having accomodated Plato, Archimedes, Ciceron, Eschyle, it generated the comic Greek theater.

The city passed later in 212 b-JC under the domination of Rome where it was largely plundered of its treasures, starting a long period of decline. It passed then under the power of the barbarians, the Byzantines, Arabic and the Norman ones.

Main sights :
Ortygia, Cathedral, Port and town, temples and archaeological parc, catacombes, churches

Read History of Syracuse
history of Syracuse
See Map of Syracuse
Map of syracuse
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Palermo - Monreale - Gulf of Castellammare - Cefalù - Trapani - Madonies - Nebrodi Mounts - Erice - Segesta - Messina - North Eastern - Taormina - Etna volcano - Catania - Syracuse - Noto - Ragusa - Modica - Hyblaean Mounts - Enna - Piazza Armerina
Agrigento - Selinunte - Sciacca - Mussomeli - Prizzi - Aeolian islands - Aegadian islands - Lampedusa - Pantelleria - Ustica


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