On a 948 m high headland, Enna (about 29000 inhab) is also called the “View-point” of Sicily. Its origins go back to antiquity, profiting of an attractive natural protection. The site was even occupied since prehistory.
They are probably Sicanes tribes who developed the first urbanization, to review strategic defense against Sicules ones.
It was a long time the sanctuary of the worship of Demeter, goddess of agriculture and fertility. Rightly, because it supplied the region with corn, cotton, and cane sugar under the Greeks, the Romans and Arabic.
Enna remained a long time a bastion of resistance against “Sarrazines” to capitulate tardily in the IXth century (towards 951).
The fortifications of the city are very well preserved. Its castle (castle of Lombardy - Castello di Lombardia) was built by “Sarrasines” and was modified by the Norman ones who conquered Enna in 1087.
Frederic II of Hohenstaufen built an imposing enclosure at the beginning of the XIVth century. It is here; here he reigned as a King of Trinacria. The city passed then under the Angevine domination then the Aragonese one.
Around the Pergusa lake, are some de formule 3 runs, from april to octobre.