|Sicily / Syracuse / Archaeological Site
The tree doric temples in Ortygie
- Athena Temple (Vth BC, read cathedral of Syracuse, 6x14 columns, converted in the VIIth and in church in the XIth.
- Apollo Temple , at the island entrance (first quarter of the VIth BC), formed by 6x17 columns, oldest of the peripteral doric temples of Sicily, and one of the oldest of the Greek world, comparable only to the Corinth temple.
- Zeus Temple : on the bay, westward from Ortigia, with only two survival columns (VIth BC) from the 6x17 columns.
Archaeological Parc of Neapolis
Neapolis (means "new city”) was built to deal with the population growth (read history of Syracuse) in the north of the city.
One can discover there a Greek theatre, the sanctuary of Temenite Apollo, the furnace bridge of Hieron II, the Roman amphitheatre, different Latomies (ancient quarries) and the necropoles.
- Greek theatre : this large theatre dates from the Vth century before our era. It is very flat, compared to its equivalent. With a diameter of 138 meters, it was dug in the rock.
- Most of the stone quarries, the latomies, are closed. The one most known is the one known as the "Denys Ear" , 23 meters height.
- The furnace bridge of Hieron II (IIIth BC) was very large: 198x 22 m, reamin only the part dig in the rock.
- A great part was cut in the rock from the Ist century of our era, this Roman amphitheatre measured in its length 140m, it could accomodate approximately 20.000 spectators. There were the classics combat of gladiators and wild beasts.
On the web : Syracuse on Wikipedia